Luzia's skull was found in a Brazilian cave in 1978. Her remains were stored for quite sometime until someone began to take interest in her skull. She died at the age of 20 to 25 years. She lived near Bello Horizonte in South East Brazil. Her remains have been estimated to be 11, 400 years old. This makes her one of the oldest fossils ever found in the Americas.
Other remains were found within Lagoa Santa in the same region that Luzia lived. It was discovered that the remains had been buried within a ceremonial context.
There has been a lot of speculation about the origin of her people. Some have put forward the theory of an African origin. Others have theorized a polynesian origin and even an Australian aborigine origin.
There has been some speculation that says that her people crossed the Bering Strait. Another theory that has been put forth says that her ancestors might have crossed by boat to the Tierra del Fuego region and migrated up to Brazil.
DNA tests are being done upon the assemblages that were discovered in Lagoa Santa because Luzia's bone structure had been replaced by mineralization and her DNA is no longer there.
Dr Sergio Pena of the Univ of Minas Gerais and Max Planck of the Anthropological Institute in Germany have been working to extract the DNA from the assemblages.
I have been thinkinbg a lot about the many theories that have been put forth by everyone especially the theory about an African and Aboriginal origin. Looking at the photo of the reconstruction of Luzia's face I was reminded of the faces of the Olmec people. Their facial features were pretty much like Luzia's.
The study of skulls relative to racial typing is called Morphology.
I am not an expert in Morphology but I am a professional portrait artist who has studied the anatomy of faces and the human body. I have to be very knowledgeable as well of rendering all types of people who have ancestry within the many races on this planet. So the comparison that I am making today is from a lay person's point of view.
I find it facinating that there is a possiblilty that the ancestral origins of the Indigenous people who eventually populated the Carribean might be found within Luzia. I also find it facinating that Richard Leaky had a theory that human development and evolution happened here in the Americas as well as in Africa.
It is theorized that the Olmecs appeared on the scene around 1,600 AD in Veracruz. It is also said that they were the founders of an advanced mathematical system, a calendar system and new ways of building temples and cities. Their influence can be seen within the achievements of the ancient peoples of Central and South America. In order for a people to master the arts of building, mathematics, and a precise calendar system means that they must have been arounbd for quite a long time. There might be a possibility that the Olmec people are the descendants of Luzia's people.
I've added an image of an ancient Maya to depict the morphological difference between the Olmec and Luzia for comparison.
Look at the photos within this post and please do give your opinion on what you see and think.
Below are URL links that will take you to what the experts are saying.
In closing, many of you are studying in universities. If you can do a research on journal papers that might have been written about the results of those DNA tests on Luzia's people, please share them with me.
I am very interested in comparing the HVR1 and HVR2 DNA against the DNA results of the Indigenous populations in the Americas.