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My latest discovery within my genealogy is the Legrand.

Jean Baptiste Legrand immigrated from New Orleans to Puerto Rico during the early 1800's when the Spanish royals had issued what was called Cedula de Gracia. To qualify the immigrant had to have had baptism within the catholic church. the immigrants were then granted land as well as official citizenship in the Spanish province of Puerto Rico. 

 

My other grandfather, Jean Louis Ales also immigrated to Puerto Rico during the early 1800's from the island of Saint Thomas He too was French.

Jean Baptiste Legrand was born in Soissons, France during the year of 1771. He died in Guayama, in the year of 1832. When he was living in New Orleans he had bought and sold many slaves. Before he immigrated to New Orleans he resided on the French province of Jeremie, Haiti, the paroisse of L' Arcahaye.

Source:

Name: Juan Bautista Legran Year: 1816 Place: Puerto Rico Source Publication Code: 1168 Primary Immigrant: Legran, Juan Bautista Annotation: History of 19th century immigration to Puerto Rico. Social and geographical analysis of the immigrants. Part 3 includes an alphabetical list of the names of settlers, year of arrival or stay, and, when available, occupation, place of origin, family, date Source Bibliography: CIFRE DE LOUBRIEL, ESTELA. La Inmigracion a Puerto Rico Durante el Siglo XIX, San Juan de Puerto Rico: Insituto de Cultura Puertorriquena, 1964. 441p. Page: 214

Source Citation: Place: Puerto Rico; Year: 1816; Page Number: 214.

Source Information:

Gale Research. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, 2010.

Original data: Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2010.'

Source 2: Slavery

Jacques
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 20.0
Other comments: Buyer is from Atacapas
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Pierre Hayacinthe Bernard
Where slave went: : St Martin
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 625
Selling Value: 625
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1816-03-05
Document Number (from the document): 173
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18160305
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jean Louis
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 15.0
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Louis Melchior Reynaud
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: P
Selling Value: 495
Selling Value: 495
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1816-03-16
Document Number (from the document): 200
Notary Name: M. DeArmas
Coder (person that encoded this record: Philip McLeod
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jupiter
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 25.0
Other comments: Buyer is from Bayou St. Jean
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Bte & Gme.Malus Legrand., (Ayes, sic Jean Baptiste and Guillume Malus Legrand)
Name of the Buyer: Etienne Raspal
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 600
Selling Value: 600
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1815-08-05
Document Number (from the document): 417
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18150805
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Skills and Occupations: blacksmith "forgeron"
Skill: blacksmith, herero, forgeron
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Parker
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 15.5
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Gadon
Name of the Buyer: Jean Legrand
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 550
Selling Value: 550
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1816-03-13
Document Number (from the document): 204
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18160313
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Pierre
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 10.0
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Julie Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Antoine Abat
Grouping: sold or inventoried in a group
Selling Currency: D
Selling Value: 2200
Selling Value: 2200
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1817-02-24
Document Number (from the document): 101
Notary Name: Phillipe Pedasclaux
Coder (person that encoded this record: Philip McLeod
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Mother's Name: 1
Mother's Age: 40
Mother's Race: 3
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: yes
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jacques
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 19.0
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Pierre Bourg
Name of the Buyer: Jean Legrand
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 400
Selling Value: 400
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1815-07-31
Document Number (from the document): 395
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18150731
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jacques
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 26.0
Other comments: Legrand & Guillaume Malus are acting as testamentary executors of Balais estate
Selling Information
Last Name of Deceased: Balais
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Pierre Camet
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 500
Selling Value: 500
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1815-11-13
Document Number (from the document): 625
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18151113
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jacques
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 20.0
Other comments: Buyer is from Atacapas
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Pierre Hayacinthe Bernard
Where slave went: : St Martin
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 625
Selling Value: 625
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1816-03-05
Document Number (from the document): 173
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18160305
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Jacques
Gender: male
Race: black
Age (when this record was documented): 18.0
Selling Information
Name of the Seller: Jean Baptiste Legrand
Name of the Buyer: Jean Gleises
Grouping: sold or inventoried as an individual
Selling Currency: p
Selling Value: 400
Selling Value: 400
Document: Information of the document that these records were retrieved.
Document Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).[Jefferson 1825]
Document Date: 1816-04-06
Document Number (from the document): 301
Notary Name: Broutin
Coder (person that encoded this record: Mabel Macias
Date of Sale: 18160406
Type of document:
Any documents involving maroons, including reports of runaways, interrogation of caputred runaways, and testimony by slaves about runaways: no
Language: French
Is this document of linguistic interest?: no
Is this inventory or sale of an estate of a free person of African descent?: no
Skill and Trade Information
Personality
Family Information
Was this slave inventoried with his/her mother?: no
Was this slave sold with his/her mother?: no
Importation Information
Was this slave being emancipated?: no
Slave listed as dead?: no

Source for above slave sale and purchases:

Ancestry.com. Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.

Original data: Office of Registry of Colonial Slaves and Slave Compensation Commission: Records; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication T71); Records created and inherited by HM Treasury; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 Record for Jean Baptiste Legrand Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834

My point here is that my mother's mtDNA, despite being Haplo Group C, (Indigenous) reveals those French sequences as well as German and Russian sequences. One has to remember that the mtDNA is only a very small part of human genetics. About 16 percent. The mtDNA thus reflects what is contained within the human genome containing equal genetics of what your ancestral mothers and fathers have contributed.

 My grandmother and her maternal lineage have contributed to my mtDNA. Awhile back I found the font of that maternal, ancestral Haplo Group C  It wasn't Taino genetics, it was in fact the genetics of

the Guanajatabey who lived in the extreme Western part of Cuba and Isla Espanola. Historically the Taino had been in the habit of enslaving the Guanajatabey they had captured. Those sequences go back to the year 1,999 BC in Cuba and 640 BC in the Isla Espanola. Mixed in with my grandmother's mtDNA are those Spanish sequences coming out of the surname of Maldonado.

 To further complicate matters genetically, my father's yDNA revealed heavy Berber and Eoropean sequences.

Since there are over a hundred persons from Spain, Mexico, South America who match my mtDNA this informs me that the Guanajatabey aren't extinct like some scientists have tried to convince us.

In the past I had stated publically that I had ancestral roots within the Taino ancestors. That statement had been made before I had begun my research and discovery project on my Haplo Group C.

Entwined within those mtDNA results are Haplo Group variants of C. C1, C2 etc. I am still researching to find out what those variations mean and what tribe they might belong to.

When I find out I will publish my findings herein. 

The lesson herein is thus: Despite our claim to Indigenous roots, deeply entwined within our genetics are the influences of our European Heritage. It can't be denied because its in your face when you look into the mirror in the morning. 

 

 

 

Views: 1833

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Comment by Zoraida Santiago on February 23, 2016 at 12:09am

I just came across this page while researching for my children's family tree.. I have encountered Francois Noel and Nicole LeGrand up the lineage line. Interesting facts on history of the Duplessis Family.  Great work. 

Comment by Ayesart on August 7, 2012 at 8:07am

Addendum:

Pierre Noel, born 1613 in Vienne, Chire en Montreuil, France. He married Elizabeth Augustin 1642 in Montreuil, Poitiers, Poitou, France.
Elizabeth Augustin, born 1620 in Montreuil, Poitou, Poitiers, France.

Child of Pierre Noel and Elizabeth Augustin is:

i.Francois Noel, born 1643 in Vienne, Chire En Montreuil, France; died 26 May 1725 in St. Lar; married Nicole Legrand 22 Oct 1669 in Ste Famille, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada. Her parents were:

Nicolas Legrand, born 1615 in St. Sulpice, Paris, France. He married Anne Du Plessis 1648 in St. Sulpice, Paris, France.

Anne Duplessis, born 1627 in St. Sulpice, Paris, France.

Child of Nicolas Legrand and Anne Duplessis is:

i.Nicole Legrand, born 1649 in Seine, Paris, France; died 05 Oct 1713 in St. Laurent, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada; married Francois Noel 22 Oct 1669 in Ste Famille, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada.

Comment by Ayesart on August 7, 2012 at 8:04am

Thank you for your positive commentary, Dr Rose M. Xochiti and Kokuyo.

The research continues into my European ancestors. I have been trying to track down my indigenous ancestor. A task which at this moment almost seems like an impossibility. I have found my most distant ancestors via my mtDNA sequences. The mtDNA matches were found in a paper written by C. Lalueza Fox regarding mtDNA studies on assemblages gathered up in caves within the Western part of Cuba and Isla Espanola. They belonged to Guanatabey peoples. All I have are the lab numbers that were assigned to the assemblages.

I have Legrand ancestors going back to the middle 1400's now and coming forward I have discovered one Anne Du Plessus who was married to Nicolas Legrand.

That branch immigrated into Canada.

Here is what surprised me:

The history of the ancient family of Duplessis reaches back authentically to the reign of Henry IV of France (1589-1610). Francis Duplessis was at this period captain of the guard of that French monarch. His son, d'Armand Jean Duplessis (Cardinal de Richelieu), was the celebrated minister of Louis XIII. Another member of the family was Lord Duplessis-Marly, born in 1549 at Buhy, in the Vexin-Francais. Still another was named Francois de Leles Duplessis. He was secretary to the King, and possessed the "terre seigneuriale" of Mambray, Department of Mans, France. Their French-Canadian descendants have always been designated as "Les Noblet Duplessis."

Again, Thank you for following my writings.

John Ayes

Comment by Dr. Rose M. Xochitl AnaO Quinone on August 6, 2012 at 8:04pm

Very interesting!

Comment by Kokuyo Beike-in-training on May 31, 2012 at 10:19pm

Very, very interesting material.  Keep delving into your heritage.  You've got very impressive information here.

Taino Ti

KOKUYO

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